Last updated on: 1/21/2019 | Author: ProCon.org

Footnotes & Sources

The background and pro and con arguments were written by ProCon.org staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):
Footnotes:  

 

  1. Alan Pyke, “Marijuana’s $2.4 Billion Impact in Colorado Is a Lesson for 5 States Considering Legalization,” thinkprogress.org, Oct. 28, 2016
  2. Troy Antonuci, “The Economics of Legalization,” Daily Marijuana Observer, Apr. 6, 2017
  3. Lauren Dixon, “How Growing Marijuana Legalization Could Affect the Economy,” talenteconomy.io, Dec. 20, 2016
  4. RCG Economics and Marijuana Policy Group, “Nevada Adult-Use Marijuana: Economic & Fiscal Benefits Analysis,” rcg1.com, July 2016
  5. Patrick McGreevy, “Legal Marijuana Could Be a $5-Billion Boon to California’s Economy,” latimes.com, June 11, 2017
  6. University of California Agricultural Issues Center, “Economic Costs and Benefits of Proposed Regulations for the Implementation of the Medical Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act (MCRSA),” dof.ca.gov, Feb. 23, 2017
  7. Alicia Wallace, “Report: America’s Marijuana Industry Headed for $24 Billion by 2025,” thecannabist.co, Feb. 22, 2017
  8. Jay Barmann, “80 Percent of Medical Marijuana Tested at Recent NorCal Conference Is Tainted with Mold, Other Toxins,” sfist.com, Aug. 31, 2017
  9. Lisa M. Krieger, “A Flower’s Long Journey: How Legal Weed Goes from Seed to Sale,” thecannabist.co, June 20, 2017
  10. American Public Health Association (APHA), “Regulating Commercially Legalized Marijuana as a Public Health Priority,” Nov. 18, 2014
  11. Washington State Legislature, “WAC 314-55-105: Packaging and Labeling Requirements,” apps.leg.wa.gov (accessed Jan. 8, 2018)
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  14. Brooke Staggs, “Here Are the Rules for Legal Marijuana in California Once Law Goes into Effect Jan. 1,” ocregister.com, Nov. 16, 2017
  15. Marijuana Policy Group, “The Economic Impact of Marijuana Legalization in Colorado,” mjpolicygroup.com, Oct. 2016
  16. Christopher Ingraham, “The Marijuana Industry Created More Than 18,000 New Jobs in Colorado Last Year,” washingtonpost.com, Oct. 27, 2016
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  18. Christopher Ingraham, “Legal Marijuana Is Finally Doing What the Drug War Couldn’t,” washingtonpost.com, Mar. 3, 2016
  19. John Burnett, “Legal Pot in the U.S. May Be Undercutting Mexican Marijuana,” npr.org, Dec. 1, 2014
  20. Earl Blumenauer, “The Path Forward: Rethinking Federal Policy on Marijuana,”blumenauer.house.gov, 2017-2018
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  22. Christopher Ingraham, “Justin Trudeau May Have Made the Best Case for Legal Pot Ever,” washingtonpost.com, June 10, 2016
  23. Michele Baggio, Alberto Chong, and Sungoh Kwon, “Helping Settle the Marijuana and Alcohol Debate: Evidence from Scanner Data,” ssrn.com, Dec. 11, 2017
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  31. Melissa Santos, “What Actually Happened to Violent Crime after Washington Legalized Marijuana,” thenewstribune.com, July 26, 2017
  32. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, “Alcohol, Drugs and Crime,” ncadd.org, June 27, 2015
  33. Jonathan P. Caulkins, Beau Kilmer, and Mark A.R. Kleiman, Marijuana Legalization: What Everyone Needs to Know, 2016
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  38. Jim Dryden, “As More States Legalize Marijuana, Adolescents’ Problems with Pot Decline,” wustl.edu, May 24, 2016
  39. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, “National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Comparison of 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 Population Percentages,” samhsa.gov (accessed Jan. 8, 2018)
  40. Christopher Ingraham, “After Legalization, Teen Marijuana Use Drops Sharply in Colorado,” washingtonpost.com, Dec. 21, 2016
  41. Justin Gardner, “CDC Study Shows Pot Legalization Dramatically Decreases Drug Use,” mintpressnews.com, Sep. 8, 2016
  42. Marijuana Policy Project, “Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Increase Following Marijuana Policy Reforms,” mpp.org (accessed Feb. 5, 2018)
  43. MaristPoll, “Yahoo News/Marist Poll: Weed & The American Family,” marist.edu, Apr. 17, 2017
  44. David L. Nathan, “Why Marijuana Should Be Legal for Adults,” cnn.com, Jan. 9, 2013
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  47. Nick Wing, “No, We Didn’t Just See the First Marijuana Overdose Death,” huffingtonpost.com, Nov. 17, 2017
  48. David Nutt, Leslie King, and Lawrence Phillips, “Drug Harms in the UK: A Multicriteria Decision Analysis,” The Lancet, Nov. 1, 2010
  49. Drug Policy Alliance, “So Far, So Good What We Know about Marijuana Legalization in Colorado, Washington, Alaska, Oregon and Washington, D.C.,” drugpolicy.org, 2016
  50. Debra Borchardt, “$1 Billion in Marijuana Taxes Is Addictive to State Governors,” forbes.com, Apr. 11, 2017
  51. Larson Silbaugh, “Distribution of Marijuana Tax Revenue,” colorado.gov, July 2016
  52. Jennifer Calfas, “How Colorado’s Booming Marijuana Industry Is Helping Fight Homelessness and Drug Addiction,” time.com, June 1, 2017
  53. CBS News, “Tax Revenue from Colorado Pot Helps Fund Community Projects, Scholarships,” cbsnews.com, Apr. 20, 2017
  54. Bruce Barcott and Gage Peake, “Part 2, How Many Jobs Depend on Legal Cannabis?,” leafly.com, Jan. 5, 2017
  55. Debra Borchardt, “Marijuana Industry Projected to Create More Jobs Than Manufacturing by 2020,” forbes.com, Feb. 22, 2017
  56. New Frontier Data, “The Cannabis Industry Annual Report: 2017 Legal Marijuana Outlook,” newfrontierdata.com, 2017
  57. Melia Robinson, “Legal Marijuana Could Overtake Manufacturing in Job Creation by 2020,” businessinsider.com, Mar. 3, 2017
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  59. Daniel Wheaton, “Legal Weed Could Generate More Than 100,000 Jobs,” sandiegotribune.com, Nov. 1, 2016
  60. Jeffrey A. Miron, “The Budgetary Implications of Drug Prohibition,” harvard.edu, Feb. 2010
  61. David G. Evans, “The Economic Impacts of Marijuana Legalization,” wrlc.org, Dec. 30, 2013
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  63. Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert, “The Consequences and Costs of Marijuana Prohibition,” washington.edu (accessed Jan. 8, 2018)
  64. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), “Court Filings for Adult Marijuana Possession Plummet,” aclu-wa.org, Mar. 19, 2014
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  67. Justin McCarthy, “Record-High Support for Legalizing Marijuana Use in U.S.,” gallup.com, Oct. 25, 2017
  68. Jennifer De Pinto, et al., “Marijuana Legalization Support at All-Time High,” cbsnews.com, Apr. 20, 2017
  69. Christopher Ingraham, “How Many Americans Regularly Use Pot? The Number Is, Errr, Higher Than You Think,” sacbee.com, Apr. 20, 2017
  70. Drew Desilver, “Feds May Be Rethinking the Drug War, but States Have Been Leading the Way,” pewresearch.org, Apr. 2, 2014
  71. Brian Heuberger, “Despite Claims, Data Show Legalized Marijuana Has Not Increased Crime Rates,” coloradopolitics.com, Mar. 22, 2017
  72. David Boaz, “Drug Legalization and the Right to Control Your Body,” cato.org, Oct. 25, 2007
  73. Josh Hamilton, “The Economic and Social Benefits of Taxing Marijuana,” medium.com, Sep. 26, 2017
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  76. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Drowning — United States, 2005–2009,” cdc.gov, May 18, 2012
  77. Alex Suskind, “Cory Booker Explains Why He’s Making Legal Weed His Signature Issue,” vice.com, Oct. 17, 2017
  78. Rocky Mountain High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area, “The Legalization of Marijuana in Colorado: The Impact,” rmhidta.org, Sep. 2016
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  82. Christopher Ingraham, “More People Were Arrested Last Year over Pot Than for Murder, Rape, Aggravated Assault and Robbery — Combined,” washingtonpost.com, Sep. 26, 2017
  83. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute, “Legalizing Recreational Marijuana Is Linked to Increased Crashes,” iihs.org, June 22, 2017
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  85. Gaby Galvin, “Study: Legal Pot Linked to Increase in Auto Collisions,” usnews.com, June 22, 2017
  86. David Migoya, “Exclusive: Traffic Fatalities Linked to Marijuana Are up Sharply in Colorado. Is Legalization to Blame?,” denverpost.com, Aug. 25, 2017
  87. Noelle Crombie, “Legal Pot in Oregon: One Year Later,” oregonlive.com, Feb. 23, 2017
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